Some of the utilization of nuclear technology in everyday life can be classified into various fields, among others, as follows.
A. Livestock Sector
Indonesian researchers have successfully used radioactive isotopes to utilize feed so that with the same amount of feed will be consumed by more livestock. The name is Urea Molasses Multi nutrient Block (UMMB) which has been used by the farmers in West Java, Central Java, and eastern Indonesia, especially West Nusa Tenggara. This causes the livestock that is given the formula can be faster the development of fat and weight increase, improve the quality and production of cattle milk, and accelerate reproduction.
In the field of animal husbandry, nuclear technology has been used to produce vaccines for chickens, fattening livestock, increasing endurance of livestock against disease, and so forth.
The radiation nuclear technique carried out in the field of livestock health, is useful in part to weaken the pathogenicity of diseases caused by bacteria, viruses and worms. Scientists have also managed to find the use of radiation has made radio vaccine and preservation of livestock products. Radio vaccine is a technique of making vaccines by means of irradiation. Through this vaccine, immune or cattle antibodies against illness can be increased. In any animal genetic improvement effort, nuclear energy can be utilized.
B. Field of Agriculture
In the field of agriculture, nuclear technology is used to obtain superior plant varieties such as rice and soybean varieties through irradiation techniques. The Isotope and Radiation Application Center (PAIR) has produced a number of new improved varieties by way of mutations by radiation impacts, such as lowland and upland rice varieties, soybeans, and green beans. For example, once rice production only 4 – 5 tons per hectare, but with improved varieties of radiation mutation, the productivity of the harvest could be increased to 7-11 tons per hectare.
Among the benefits of nuclear technology is the reduction of the use of artificial fertilizers and the utilization and improvement of land productivity, pest control.
C. Field of Medicine
Nuclear technology can be used for health, either for diagnosis or for treatment or therapy. Using radiation from radioactive isotopes of cobalt at certain doses of cancer cells, these cells will die, whereas normal cells are not so affected during treatment. In addition to diagnosing the patient’s illness without having to perform surgery, doctors usually use X-rays. In addition, nuclear medicine is also able to detect the recurrence of cancer. Since tens of years ago, various national hospitals have utilized domestic production radioisotope for diagnostic purposes or various kinds of diseases.
The medical field has benefited from nuclear techniques such as medical examination using camera gamma plane, useful prototypes for the diagnosis of kidney function, X-prototype light plane useful as anatomical diagnosis of organs, Thyroid uptake-prototype for trap mump test, and Brachterapi used as a cervical cancer therapy, coronary heart examination, and detect bleeding in the digestive tract.
In addition to Brotherapy, Cs-137 and Co-60 radioscopies are also used for Tele therapy, although lately tele-therapy using Cs-137 radioisotope is no longer recommended for use. Although in recent decades the number of Co-60 teleterapi plane began to decline was replaced with a medical accelerator. The radioisotope, in addition to being used for brachytherapy and teletapet, is now also widely used for the purposes of Gamma Knife, as another way of treating cancer located in the head.
Even radioisotope generators today also play a major role in producing radioisotopes for health, especially nuclear medicine. The production, development and utilization of the Mo-99 / Tc-99m generator is a positive impact in nuclear applications for health and pharmaceuticals. With this generator the problems of reproduction factors, time, and distance to the place that produce radioisotopes, as well as reducing the dose received by the patient.
Nuclear Technology for Malaria Vector Infection One way of sterilizing a mosquito / vector is by way of ionizing radiation imposed on one of its developmental stages. Radiation for this sterilization can use gamma rays, X-rays or neutrons.
Another ability is to determine the location of abnormalities in circumstances in which tumor marker levels in the blood increase. Another benefit of nuclear medicine techniques is that it can be used to monitor organ function and detect the damage caused by treatment, such as monitoring the heart function of patients receiving chemotherapy treatment. In addition, bone imaging using nuclear medicine techniques is a way to detect the spread of cancer to the bone. The same method is also used for monitoring. Nuclear technology is also very helpful in the healing of heart disease. Nuclear technology has the ability to diagnose and determine the prognosis of coronary heart disease. In general, nuclear medicine techniques in the field of cardiology (heart disease) use gamma …